Water softeners come in many different sizes. To correctly size a water softener you will need the hardness level of the water measured in PPM and the amount of water you need in 24 hours.
Dissolved calcium and magnesium precipitate out of hard water as scale, which builds up on the insides of pipes, water heaters, kettles, coffee makers and industrial machinery. Scale reduces flow through pipes and is a poor conductor of heat. Eventually, pipes can become completely clogged.
Hard water reduces soap’s ability to lather, whether in the shower, sink, dishwasher or washing machine, and reacts with soap to form a sticky scum.
Water softeners remain the least costly and most effective way to rid your water of troublesome minerals.
Water softeners operate on a simple principle: Calcium and magnesium ions in the water switch places with more desirable ions, usually sodium. The exchange eliminates both of the problems of hard water because sodium doesn’t precipitate out in pipes or react badly with soap. The amount of sodium this process adds to your water is quite small — less than 12.5 milligrams per 237milliliter glass.
A water softener takes about 1 hour to do a complete backwash cycle.
The backwash cycle is normally programmed for 2 am in the morning.
Salt (NaCl) is used in the backwash cycle to backwash and exchange minerals for Sodium.
The salt is kept in a brine tank which the water softener will draw out of the brine tank for the regeneration process.
Siliphos is an economical and reliable water treatment system for potable and industrial water. It consists of glass-like polyphosphate silicate spheres. Siliphos prevents scale build up and stops corrosion. It utilizes the phenomenon that minute concentrations of polyphosphates inhibit the deposition of scale onto metallic surfaces. Because of its phosphate and silicate content Siliphos also inhibits corrosion by forming a thin protective layer on the metal surface.
Siliphos will also slowly remove existing scale in old pipes.
A 10 inch cartridge filled with Siliphos is put into a 10 inch filter housing and plumbed inline on the pipes feeding your house or business to stop the build up of lime scale on appliances and pipes.